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Version: 0.6.x 🚧

Create Enum

You can generate SQL statement to create database tables with enum columns via the Schema helper struct.

String & Integer Enum

This is just an ordinary string / integer column in database table that maps to Rust enum, you can simply use the Schema::create_table_from_entity method to construct a table create statement just like in the previous section.

Defining the Entity and enums.

pub mod active_enum {
use sea_orm::entity::prelude::*;

#[derive(Clone, Debug, PartialEq, DeriveEntityModel)]
#[sea_orm(schema_name = "public", table_name = "active_enum")]
pub struct Model {
#[sea_orm(primary_key)]
pub id: i32,
pub category: Option<Category>,
pub color: Option<Color>,
}

#[derive(Debug, Clone, PartialEq, EnumIter, DeriveActiveEnum)]
#[sea_orm(rs_type = "String", db_type = "String(Some(1))")]
pub enum Category {
#[sea_orm(string_value = "B")]
Big,
#[sea_orm(string_value = "S")]
Small,
}

#[derive(Debug, Clone, PartialEq, EnumIter, DeriveActiveEnum)]
#[sea_orm(rs_type = "i32", db_type = "Integer")]
pub enum Color {
#[sea_orm(num_value = 0)]
Black,
#[sea_orm(num_value = 1)]
White,
}

#[derive(Copy, Clone, Debug, EnumIter, DeriveRelation)]
pub enum Relation {}

impl ActiveModelBehavior for ActiveModel {}
}

Generating TableCreateStatement from Entity.

use sea_orm::{sea_query, Schema};

let builder = db.get_database_backend();
let schema = Schema::new(builder);

assert_eq!(
builder.build(&schema.create_table_from_entity(active_enum::Entity)),
builder.build(
&sea_query::Table::create()
.table(active_enum::Entity.table_ref())
.col(
sea_query::ColumnDef::new(active_enum::Column::Id)
.integer()
.not_null()
.auto_increment()
.primary_key(),
)
.col(sea_query::ColumnDef::new(active_enum::Column::Category).string_len(1))
.col(sea_query::ColumnDef::new(active_enum::Column::Color).integer())
.to_owned()
)
);

Native Database Enum

The enum support are different across databases. We will explain the creation of native database enum for each databases one by one.

Defining the Entity and enums.

pub mod active_enum {
use sea_orm::entity::prelude::*;

#[derive(Clone, Debug, PartialEq, DeriveEntityModel)]
#[sea_orm(schema_name = "public", table_name = "active_enum")]
pub struct Model {
#[sea_orm(primary_key)]
pub id: i32,
pub tea: Option<Tea>,
}

#[derive(Debug, Clone, PartialEq, EnumIter, DeriveActiveEnum)]
#[sea_orm(rs_type = "String", db_type = "Enum", enum_name = "tea")]
pub enum Tea {
#[sea_orm(string_value = "EverydayTea")]
EverydayTea,
#[sea_orm(string_value = "BreakfastTea")]
BreakfastTea,
}

#[derive(Copy, Clone, Debug, EnumIter, DeriveRelation)]
pub enum Relation {}

impl ActiveModelBehavior for ActiveModel {}
}

PostgreSQL

Enum in PostgreSQL is defined as a custom type, it can be created from an Entity with the Schema::create_enum_from_entity method.

You can also create it directly from ActiveEnum with the Schema::create_enum_from_active_enum method.

use sea_orm::{Schema, Statement};

let db_postgres = DbBackend::Postgres;
let schema = Schema::new(db_postgres);

assert_eq!(
schema
.create_enum_from_entity(active_enum::Entity)
.iter()
.map(|stmt| db_postgres.build(stmt))
.collect::<Vec<_>>(),
vec![Statement::from_string(
db_postgres,
r#"CREATE TYPE "tea" AS ENUM ('EverydayTea', 'BreakfastTea')"#.to_owned()
),]
);

assert_eq!(
db_postgres.build(&schema.create_enum_from_active_enum::<Tea>()),
Statement::from_string(
db_postgres,
r#"CREATE TYPE "tea" AS ENUM ('EverydayTea', 'BreakfastTea')"#.to_owned()
)
);

assert_eq!(
db_postgres.build(&schema.create_table_from_entity(active_enum::Entity)),
Statement::from_string(
db_postgres,
vec![
r#"CREATE TABLE "public"."active_enum" ("#,
r#""id" serial NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,"#,
r#""tea" tea"#,
r#")"#,
]
.join(" ")
),
);

MySQL

In MySQL, enum is defined on table creation so you only need the Schema::create_table_from_entity method.

use sea_orm::{Schema, Statement};

let db_mysql = DbBackend::MySql;
let schema = Schema::new(db_mysql);

assert_eq!(
db_mysql.build(&schema.create_table_from_entity(active_enum::Entity)),
Statement::from_string(
db_mysql,
vec![
"CREATE TABLE `active_enum` (",
"`id` int NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,",
"`tea` ENUM('EverydayTea', 'BreakfastTea')",
")",
]
.join(" ")
),
);

SQLite

Enum is not supported in SQLite so it will be stored as TEXT type.

use sea_orm::{Schema, Statement};

let db_sqlite = DbBackend::Sqlite;
let schema = Schema::new(db_sqlite);

assert_eq!(
db_sqlite.build(&schema.create_table_from_entity(active_enum::Entity)),
Statement::from_string(
db_sqlite,
vec![
"CREATE TABLE `active_enum` (",
"`id` integer NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT,",
"`tea` text",
")",
]
.join(" ")
),
);